Behavior and evolution (Livre, 1978) [WorldCat.org]
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Behavior and evolution

Auteur : Jean Piaget; Donald Nicholson-Smith
Éditeur: New York : Pantheon Books, [1978] ©1978
Édition/format:   Livre imprimé : Anglais : 1st American editionVoir toutes les éditions et tous les formats
Résumé:
What is the relationship between behavior and the processes which shape evolution? Why has behavior, whether it amounts to no more than a flower's reaction to light or encompasses the complexities of human thought, been so neglected by traditional evolutionary theory? Beginning with these questions, Jean Piaget offers a dazzling, at time demanding, inquiry into the state of our understanding of evolution. This is a  Lire la suite...
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Détails

Format – détails additionnels: Online version:
Piaget, Jean, 1896-1980.
Behavior and evolution.
New York : Pantheon Books, ©1978
(OCoLC)644302656
Type de document: Livre
Tous les auteurs / collaborateurs: Jean Piaget; Donald Nicholson-Smith
ISBN: 0394418107 9780394418100 0394735889 9780394735887
Numéro OCLC: 3869418
Notes: Translation of Le comportement moteur de l'évolution.
Description: xxvi, 165 pages ; 22 cm
Contenu: Translator's acknowledgments --
Introduction --
Merits and drawbacks of the Lamarckian thesis --
Baldwin and organic selection --
Ethological view of behavior's role in evolution --
Cybernetic interaction, "genetic assimilation," and behavior --
Behavior and Weiss's hierarchy of systems --
Phenocopy as mediation between environmental influences and behavioral genic factors --
Psychobiological speculations on the problems of instincts in relation to the problems of evolution --
Some remarks on plant behavior --
General conclusions: Behavior, motor of evolution --
Index.
Autres titres: Comportement moteur de l'évolution.
Responsabilité: Jean Piaget ; translated from the French by Donald Nicholson-Smith.

Résumé:

What is the relationship between behavior and the processes which shape evolution? Why has behavior, whether it amounts to no more than a flower's reaction to light or encompasses the complexities of human thought, been so neglected by traditional evolutionary theory? Beginning with these questions, Jean Piaget offers a dazzling, at time demanding, inquiry into the state of our understanding of evolution. This is a task that takes Piaget from an investigation of the early giants Darwin and Lamarck, to the contributions of Weiss and Baldwin, to the role of cybernetics. Along the way he outlines the relation between instinct and evolution, habits and acquired characteristics. He criticizes those who reduce the question to a genetic determinism. And he challenges those who see no qualitative difference between the evolution of anatomical structures and the evolution of behavioral structures. What Piaget develops in this concise and remarkable work is a subtle, sophisticated theory of behavior in both the plant and the animal worlds. Drawing on his life's work, he argues that all organisms are active and creative, and that the forms of organization they create in their environment go to the heart of the meaning of behavior and the processes of evolution. A prolific writer on philosophy and biology, as well as the father of the development psychology he calls genetic epistemology, Jean Piaget has had as his main area of concern the genesis of abstract concepts (classes, relations, numbers) and physical concepts (space, speed, chance, time) in the developing child. His theories have been widely applied to education.

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